If you'd like to plant fruit trees in your garden but don't have a huge space available, self-fertile dwarf trees are an ideal choice. Dwarf trees grow to between 2 to 3 metres in height, so they are suitable for the average backyard and can also be grown in pots on patios. Some fruit trees require pollination from another tree of the same variety in order to bloom and produce fruit. This would mean you would need at least two of each type of tree in your garden, which would limit the variety of fruit you are able to grow in a small space.
Self-fertile trees require no pollinator, and will happily grow and produce even if they are the only tree for miles. Opting for self-fertile trees allows you to grow more variety in your garden and not worry about whether pollination through wind or insect transfer has occurred between two trees each growing season. Here are four varieties of dwarf fruit trees that are self-fertile:
Black Mulberry Tree
The black mulberry tree produces sweet, juicy fruits that aren't commonly found in supermarkets and are delicious eaten straight from the tree or added to parfaits and fruit salads. Its complex framework of branches and dark green leaves make the black mulberry tree a lovely addition to your garden that is aesthetically pleasing regardless of the time of year. Mature fruits are deep purple in colour and should be picked as soon as they reach this point to prevent spoiling.
Granny Smith Apple Tree
Granny Smith apple trees produce crisp green apples that are delicious to eat on their own, but they also hold up well when cooked. They produce striking white blooms and are considered to be an excellent attractor of bees and other nectar loving insects to your garden. Granny Smith apples ripen between March and May and can be kept in cold storage for up to a year.
Darling Peach Tree
Darling peach trees are a hardy variety and are ideal for those at the beginning stages of learning how to prune and care for fruit trees. They are disease resistant and produce beautiful peaches with white flesh and red skin. Darling peach trees are a freestone variety, meaning the flesh of the fruit separates easily from the stone, which makes them easy to eat and slice for use in recipes.
Czar Plum Tree
A czar plum tree will produce dark blue fruits and is a heavy cropping variety. The fruits can be picked early for cooking or left until the skin darkens, which gives the flesh time to sweeten and makes them a delicious eating variety. A czar plum tree provides fruit late in the growing season, so it's a good choice for those wanting to stretch out the length of time their garden produces food.
These are just a few varieties of fruit tree that are self-fertile and ideal for the average garden. If you're buying a few trees for your property, you may be able to buy them wholesale. Tree nurseries often offer wholesale prices on fruit trees to the general public without the need to buy large quantities. This ensures they are not left with perishable stock and accommodates demand, as fruit trees are often bought in multiples and customers tend to look for discounts due to the cost associated with purchasing established trees.
For more information, reach out to a wholesale tree nursery near you.